Global Warming Facts & Research
For those of you looking for some basic facts about global warming to help you better understand the phenomenon we've compiled a list of facts taken from
"An Inconvenient Truth" and from George Monbiot's book, ?Heat? to give you a hand.
The atmosphere is thin enough that humans can alter its basic molecular components, especially through the drastic increase of carbon dioxide emissions.
Scientists have been tracking the increase in CO2 in the atmosphere since 1958. Roger Revelle and Charles David Keeling were among the first scientists to record the change over the Hawaiian Islands in 1958.
The pre-industrial concentration of CO2 was 280 parts per million, in 2003 when the CO2 levels were measured above Hawaii they were 381 parts per million
It's been predicted that in ten years, Mount Kilimanjaro will have no more snow!
-Glaciers have been receding all over the world at alarming rates, and many will be completely melted soon, for instance America's own Glacier National Park.
Within 50 years, the 40 per cent of the world's population who rely on the Himalayan glaciers for drinking water will face water shortages due to global warming unless steps are taken to mitigate climate change.
We now use the Antarctic ice pack to track temperatures and CO2 concentrations back as far as 650,000 years. CO2 concentrations are higher now than any point in that recorded history.
The hottest year recorded since the American Civil War is 2005.
In 2004 the all-time US record for tornadoes was broken.
Insurance companies all around the world have had to pay out 15 times as much as for the previous decades to victims of extreme weather.
In 1998, which is the second hottest year on record, the world lost 16% of its coral reefs to bleaching. Coral reefs are a vital life source to all sea life, and their extinction is a plague on our oceans.
The United States is the world's number one contributor of greenhouse gases and other harmful emissions that are causing global warming with 30% of the blame falling on their shoulders.
In 2005, British scientists predicted that if the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere doubles (which it will, and quickly if we continue to emit it at such alarming rates), the temperature could rise by between two and eleven degrees.
For every one degree rise in temperatures, yields for crops like rice, wheat and corn fall by ten percent.